The Urban Design Research Institute is currently engaged in conducting a public participation planning process for the Development Plan of Greater Mumbai 2014‐2034. The intention is to create a ’Peoples’ Brief’. Over the past few months, ten different stakeholder groups on education, health, livelihoods, energy, environment, water, housing, transport, urban form, and governance have met regularly to formulate the principles that should guide the development process. Each of these groups comprised experts, having knowledge and expertise in the said sectors. Every group met amongst themselves and jointly to formulate the principles that should guide the development process. The broad approach of all the Groups together focused on the following:
a. Development Plan should be revised to achieve an Open (inclusive), Efficient and Equitable Mumbai.
b. The plan formulation and implementation should be responsive and its authors accountable to those being affected by the Plan.
c. The planning process should be participative, transparent, decentralized and subjected to periodical course correction. All the groups together came to the consensus that all proposals / decisions relating to the development plan should strictly conform to the planning principles stated below:
GOVERNANCE: Devolve local governance, planning and policy decisions to locally elected leadership headed by the Mayor. The local bureaucracy headed by the Municipal Commissioner should not be subordinate to the Chief Minister /State Government.
HOUSING: Security of tenure shall be treated as a fundamental right. However there can be no free housing and no housing is to be delivered at less than the cost of construction. Subsidies, if any, to be on a family by family basis.
HOUSING: All tenable slum land should be reserved in the development plan as reservations for affordable housing only.
HOUSING: All new constructions shall provide 50% of floor space, to be additionally provided on the same site, for inclusionary housing.
HOUSING: All Greenfield sites to be planned for mixed‐use, mixed‐income development.
HOUSING: Encourage the inclusion of sites‐and‐services in layouts of mixed‐income housing on Greenfield sites to accommodate the poorest families.
HOUSING: All new tenancies, whether in new buildings or old, should be outside the provisions of the Rent Control Act.
WATER : Provide uninterrupted safe water supply with equitable distribution to all.
WATER: Access to sanitation facilities and piped sewage collection for all.
WATER: Fair distribution between urban and rural areas.
TRANSPORT: Public transport to be prioritized and promoted over private transport by allocating public spending on public transport infrastructure. Make public transport more convenient and comfortable than private.
TRANSPORT: Extend public transport networks urgently to new areas to bring more land under development.
TRANSPORT: Walking should be encouraged with tools such as pedestrian friendly foot paths, pedestrian only streets/zones etc.
TRANSPORT: Priority should be given to facilitate inter‐modal transfer for all to ensure that point‐to‐point travel by public transport is faster than private transport.
LIVELIHOOD: Recognize all patterns and types of livelihoods and provide basic services for all modes of livelihoods.
LIVELIHOOD: Create inclusive livelihoods in the city by creating innovative public spaces accommodating various livelihoods (street vendors, home based workers, naka workers, construction workers, etc).
LIVELIHOOD: Create open innovation clusters within informal neighborhoods as special livelihood innovation zones. These special livelihood zones shall be accorded the benefits made available to Special Economic Zones.
LIVELIHOOD: Plan and set up comprehensive skill up‐gradation infrastructure in informal settlements.
URBAN FORM: Development Control Regulations should protect and enhance the public good which may supersede individual rights.
URBAN FORM: Involve local community in the evaluation process of all public projects through public discussions and exhibitions.
GOVERNANCE: Have every parastatal present a half‐yearly report to citizens in a public meeting, showing a performance review for the past half‐year and plans for the coming half‐ year .
URBAN FORM: Implement transparent, time bound evaluation and approval process for all building approvals.
URBAN FORM: Planning of the built environment shall be based on and derived from a detailed understanding of livelihood, housing, environment, transportation, health, education, energy, water and sanitation, and security.
URBAN FORM: There shall be no lowering of standards of built form, light and ventilation and public amenity provision in the DCR’s for low-income housing.
URBAN FORM: Replace planning tool of Floor Space Index with other planning tools such as form based, height based, density based building controls etc.
ENVIRONMENT: Public space such as notified open spaces, water edges, paths, urban squares and plazas etc. shall be sacrosanct and not built upon.
ENVIRONMENT: Mangroves to be retained in their natural habitats.
ENVIRONMENT: No sewage or solid waste to be disposed of, without treatment, in rivers, streams, nallahs, creeks or lakes. These are to be used only for the inflow of clean water.
ENVIRONMENT: Hill slopes, as demarcated in the Development Plan/Regional Plan, shall be preserved in their natural state.
ENVIRONMENT: Garbage collection services must extend to all citizens without discrimination. Garbage to be segregated at source recycled and disposed of in an energy-efficient way.
ENERGY: Building Regulations to be designed for maximizing energy efficiency in-built environment. Infrastructure to be designed for conservation of energy.
ENERGY: Encourage private investment in renewable energy generation by providing policy framework for private energy suppliers to connect to the distribution grid.
HEALTH: Availability of comprehensive range of curative, symptomatic, preventive and rehabilitative health services at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of health services.
HEALTH: Review and upgrade infrastructure as per the National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) requirements ‐ Service delivery mentioned in the NUHM should be incorporated into the existing infrastructure in the form of swasthya chowki.
HEALTH: Health Posts and Dispensaries should be integrated at some level.
EDUCATION: The public school system must be augmented to meet aspirations of all children in the preferred language of instruction.
EDUCATION: Education need not be limited to the Right to Education Act. All schools should include Pre‐Primary (Age 3‐5), Primary (classes 1‐5), Upper primary (classes 6‐8) and secondary (classes 9‐12) to provide seamless education to all children.